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Liquid Silicone Rubber (LSR) in the Medical Technology

Liquid Silicone Rubber (LSR) has proven to be a key material in medical technology. The following article provides an insight into the unique advantages of LSR, its applications in medical technology, the manufacturing process and much more.

In the dynamic world of medical technology, choosing the right material is not only a question of functionality, but also of patient safety and product innovation. Liquid Silicone Rubber (LSR) has proven to be a key material in the development and manufacture of medical devices.

Thanks to its outstanding properties, such as biocompatibility, sterilizability and durability, LSR has become an indispensable component in the manufacture of a wide range of medical devices.

This blog post explores the unique benefits of LSR, its applications in medical technology, the manufacturing process, and much more.

What is Liquid Silicone Rubber (LSR)?

Liquid Silicone Rubber (LSR) is a highly flexible, two-component material consisting of a liquid silicone rubber that cures with the addition of a catalyst. Characterized by its exceptional chemical stability and thermal resistance, it remains functional across a wide temperature range from -55°C to +300°C. These properties allow LSR to be used in extreme environments where other materials would fail.

LSR is also noted for its outstanding biocompatibility, making it an ideal material for medical applications requiring direct contact with the human body or sensitive medications. The unique flowability of LSR during processing enables the production of very precise, complex, and detailed molded parts, invaluable in the manufacturing of medical implants, tubes, seals, and many other medical devices.

Moreover, LSR offers advantages in terms of sterilizability, as it can withstand multiple sterilization cycles without losing its physical properties. This combination of physical, chemical, and biological properties makes LSR a versatile and valuable material in medical technology and numerous other industrial applications.

Properties and Advantages of LSR

Liquid Silicone Rubber (LSR) distinguishes itself with a suite of properties that make it indispensable in the field of medical technology. One of the most striking features of LSR is its exceptional biocompatibility. Unlike many materials, LSR does not provoke negative reactions in the human body, making it ideal for applications requiring direct contact with skin or internal body parts. This characteristic is especially crucial for implants and other medical devices that remain inside the body or are used frequently.

Another significant advantage of LSR is its remarkable chemical and thermal resistance. LSR can withstand extreme temperatures ranging from -55°C to +300°C without losing its physical properties. This temperature resistance is essential for medical devices that need to be sterilized, whether through autoclaving, ethylene oxide, gamma radiation, or other sterilization methods. LSR also maintains its integrity in harsh chemical environments, ensuring its durability in medical applications.

Additionally, LSR offers excellent mechanical properties, including high tensile strength and elasticity, allowing products made from this material to retain their shape and function even after repeated stretching and stress. This flexibility is particularly beneficial for dynamically stressed parts, such as seals, valves, and flexible tubes in medical devices.

The unique flowability of LSR also permits the manufacture of very precise and complex geometries with tight tolerances, often required in medical technology. This precision, combined with LSR's ability to perfectly conform to molds and replicate detailed surface textures, makes it the material of choice for producing high-quality medical components.

Finally, LSR is noted for its exceptional color stability and transparency, which can be useful in many medical applications where visual inspection of fluids or the aesthetic quality of the product is important.

Applications of LSR in Medical Technology

Liquid Silicone Rubber (LSR) has taken a pivotal role in medical technology by offering innovative solutions for improved patient care through its versatile applications. The spectrum of LSR use in medical devices leverages its outstanding properties such as biocompatibility, durability, and flexibility.

  • Implantable Devices: LSR's exceptional biocompatibility makes it perfectly suited for use in long-term implantable devices like heart valves, cochlear implants, and artificial joints. These devices benefit from LSR's resistance to bodily fluids and tissues, ensuring patient safety and implant longevity.
  • Closures and Seals: Reliable closures and seals are essential in medical technology to maintain sterility and functionality of medical devices. LSR's chemical resistance and its ability to retain physical properties like a low compression set even under extreme conditions make it an ideal material for manufacturing such components. It is commonly used in seals for dialysis machines, infusion pumps, and other critical medical equipment.
  • Catheters and Tubes: The flexibility and smooth surface texture of LSR minimize the risk of bacterial adhesion and facilitate the insertion and long-term use of catheters and tubes in medical applications. Its excellent biocompatibility and chemical resistance make it the first choice for these applications, where compatibility with bodily fluids and easy sterilization are crucial.
  • Wearable Medical Devices: For wearables that enable continuous health monitoring or medication delivery, LSR offers significant benefits through its skin-friendly properties and comfort. From insulin pumps to wearable monitors, LSR ensures that these devices can be worn safely and without skin irritation for extended periods.
  • Prosthetics and Orthotics: LSR's unique combination of flexibility and strength provides comfort and functionality for users of prosthetics and orthotic devices. Prosthetic liners and supports made from LSR offer a precise fit that adapts to body movements while maintaining durability.

These diverse applications underscore LSR's central role in medical technology. By providing tailored solutions ranging from patient safety to functionality, LSR remains an essential material for the development and enhancement of medical technologies.

LSR part for wearable medical device.jpg (2 MB)

Processing and Manufacturing with LSR

The production of products from Liquid Silicone Rubber (LSR) requires a high level of precision and technical expertise to fully harness the unique benefits of this material.

The role of tooling is crucial in the production of precise LSR parts, especially since LSR's exceptional flowability presents a complex challenge in processing. This characteristic requires highly precise tools that are specifically designed to accommodate the unique flow properties of LSR and to minimize material excess and waste. The quality and accuracy of the final product depend directly on the precision of the molds used, which not only enable the exact reproduction of complex geometries but also ensure consistency and repeatability of parts in mass production. A carefully designed tooling process is therefore essential to efficiently control curing processes and to address the specific challenges posed by processing LSR.

The actual manufacturing process begins with the accurate mixing of LSR's two main components: the polymer and a catalyst that initiates the curing reaction. This mixture is then injected into highly precise molds using specialized dosing systems.

A critical step in the LSR processing is curing, which occurs under high pressure and heat. Here, the material takes its final form and acquires its characteristic properties such as flexibility, durability, and chemical resistance. Modern manufacturing facilities allow for efficient and precise control of the curing conditions, which is essential to meet the quality standards of the medical technology industry.

Another important aspect of LSR processing is the demolding of the cured product, which must be done with particular care due to LSR's high flexibility to avoid damage. Finally, the products in part undergo post-processing, ranging from the removal of excess material to specific surface treatments, to achieve the desired product properties. Through this carefully controlled process, it is possible to produce LSR products of the highest quality and precision for medical applications.

LSR in Micro Molding

Micro Molding is a specialized manufacturing process aimed at producing extremely small, precise components, often with component sizes of a few millimeters or sometimes even less than one millimeter. This technique is particularly relevant in medical technology, where the demand for miniaturized components for invasive medical devices, implants or wearable medical devices is continuously growing. Liquid Silicone Rubber (LSR) plays a crucial role in this field due to its unique properties and processing advantages.

One of the main advantages of LSR in Micro Molding is its exceptional flowability during processing. LSR can flow into the smallest and most complex molds, allowing for the production of micro-components with high precision and reproducibility. This property is especially valuable in manufacturing micro parts that require tight tolerances and complex geometries.

Additionally, LSR offers excellent mechanical properties, such as high flexibility and tensile strength, which are retained even in microscopically small components. This is essential for medical micro-devices that need to be both robust and durable, yet flexible and adaptable to the human body.

An example of LSR application in Micro Molding includes microfluidic components used in diagnostic devices for analyzing minute amounts of fluids. Here, LSR enables the creation of precise channels and chambers necessary for controlling and processing the fluids. Another example is micro seals and valves used in minimally invasive surgical instruments, requiring the reliability and precision of LSR material.

Overall, the combination of Micro Molding and LSR enables the development and manufacturing of high-precision, miniaturized medical devices and components that were previously unattainable. This technology opens new possibilities in medical technology and contributes to expanding the boundaries of miniaturization in medical devices.

Suspension, Wearable Medical Device.JPG (0.9 MB)

sealing, invasive surgical instruments.JPG (0.9 MB)

Comparison of LSR with solid silicone rubber

Similarities and differences

In principle, components made from liquid silicone or solid silicone are almost identical in terms of their properties. There are suitable solid silicone alternatives for most LSR types. Both LSR and solid silicones offer excellent properties for use in medical technology, including high temperature resistance, biocompatibility and chemical resistance. Both materials enable the production of highly precise and complex parts required for medical devices. The main differences lie primarily in the processing of the two materials.

Manufacturing of micro parts

While LSR is known for its ability to efficiently produce very small and complex parts through precision molding, solid silicone can also be used to produce micro parts. This flexibility expands the possibilities for designers and engineers to select the right materials for their specific requirements.

Advantages of solid silicone

Solid silicone offers particular advantages when it comes to coloring and the production of small quantities or prototypes. It is easier to color and material changes are less complicated than with LSR, making it particularly suitable for projects that require a high degree of adaptability. In addition, solid silicone can be an equally effective option for the production of complex parts, further diversifying its applicability in medical technology.

Choosing the right material

The decision between LSR and solid silicone should be based on a careful evaluation of the specific requirements of the project, including factors such as design complexity, quantities required, color scheme and budget. In some cases, combining both materials in different components of the final product may be the best solution.


Liquid Silicone Rubber has an important role in medical technology by providing innovative solutions for the manufacture of safe, efficient and patient-friendly medical devices. Its unique properties, such as biocompatibility, sterilizability and durability, make it an indispensable material in this critical field. With the ongoing development of new applications and processing techniques, LSR will continue to play a key role in the future of medical technology.


This article originally appeared as a blog post on

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